March 3 2008 - March 3 2008 lots of politically active...

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March 3 2008 - lots of politically active students in 1960s and 70s - there was a rational reason why so many middle class students rallied to anti Semitic parties - you can see the dominant political orientation of students has changed since the 20 th century (and during) - In the 1960s a bigger proportion of students went to universities. They were the people that could afford to go - Now, it is pretty much the same, but the whole labour- environment has changed, much more difficult to get jobs after university Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union mid 1950s to 1970 - Poland, east Germany, Checz, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine, were the main states of eastern Europe - Second world war to the 1990s, Europe is divided between east and west - It exemplifies the cold war, the front line of the cold war between west and east. - One of the things that we often think about, Europe during the cold war, what you have in the west is democratic nations, consumer society, and prosperity. East is authoritarian, The Soviet Union is dominant, relative poverty - Notion of this great divide between east and west, yet when we look at it critically we can see that it is much more complicated then that. There were authoritarian governments in many parts of Europe. . General Franco –Spain came in power in 30s and stayed till the 1970s. One of the longest dictators in Europe. - Salazar- Portugal till the 1970s - Greece- military dictatorship for a long time. - The whole of Western Europe, these states that were in NATO were not democratic. - Then when you look at Eastern Europe, even though the USSR, the Soviet Union was dominant, they continued to occupy militarily in Eastern Europe following the 2 nd world war. - Tito liberated Yugoslavia. Red army- did not occupy Yugoslavia. It is not a member of the Warsaw pact. It for the most part, even though it fell within a soviet sphere of influence it carved out its own foreign policies. - It was at the forefront of the non-aligned nations. - Austria after the war was divided into 4 segments, by 1955 soviets withdrew their forces and it began a unified and neutral state once again. - Other countries established independence within the soviet sphere - Romania was the first to recognize Israel after 1967 - When we talk about the relationship between eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, we always have to be aware that each country established their own relationship. - These were nationalist governments, they were anxious to establish their own national identity within the system that was dominated by the Soviet Union. - From the 1950s and 60s there were limits to how far these countries could establish their own identity and their own road to socialism.
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- In Germany soviet forces intervened to put down strikes. -
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March 3 2008 - March 3 2008 lots of politically active...

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