feb 28 - Comparing Countries(February 28/08 Topics The...

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Comparing Countries (February 28/08) Topics: - The concepts of state, regime, government and country - Comparing countries - Defining Democratic and Non- democratic countries - Parliamentary, presidential and hybrid systems - State is the center of the study of comparative politics. In international politics we are not really concerned about the inner workings of the state. - Comparative politics we are much more concerned with the machinery of the state then in IR. - The state is a very complex institution - Weber- the state is one which maintains the monopoly on the legitimate use of violence and can use force legitimately. - One test to see if you are a full is sate is whether you can control your own territory - You have to be able to defend your territory from internal an external state - To be a viable state it has to have authority - Power, physical or legitimate - If a state cannot defend itself it will diminish - A state must be armed - The state is expected to provide security to its citizens. - Taxation is one way to do this. - The state is made up of different types of institutions. - One role is to establish a consensus, priorities even among citizens - State isn’t very easy to govern even if you just use fear. - Almost impossible to imagine political life without a state. - World in which a state doesn’t play a big role. - State will protect its own integrity. - State can remain intact in face of turmoil and crisis. - Unusual for states to cease to exist. Although there are examples from time to time. - Organization and monopoly on violence. - It is the machinery of government. State regime and government As it goes higher, there is less institutionalism Government - The user of the state? - Consists of political parties, people, they can come and go - They might have power but they can only operate within the parameters of the regime and the state. - This goes from more institutionalized, to less institutionalized, - Government isn’t very because it’s easy to get rid of, regime is harder and the state is very hard to get rid of.
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- Much easier to change the government then the regime and the regime then the state. - When governments come to power they are limited by the regime and the state. - They do not have complete freedom - Democratic or authoritarian governments must live in the regimes and the states. - Because of the power of states and regimes governments tend to be weakly institutionalized - People in government are easily replaceable. Regime
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feb 28 - Comparing Countries(February 28/08 Topics The...

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