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March 5 2008 - March 5 2008 Millions of people left Europe...

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March 5 2008 - Millions of people left Europe. There was a huge migration at end of 19 th century, begging of the 20 th century - From the 1950s and 60s there is a reverse migration of non European people flowing back into Europe. - Many of these were people from the European colonies because of decolonization. These people were regarded as citizens of their metropolitan country. - Many began to settle in ghettos and particular areas. - Development of ethnic and racial areas within major cities in Europe at this time. - Development of Caribbean areas in London, some of the major industrial cities in Britain. - The migration of large numbers of people from non European countries began to pose challenges to European states. - Also a little bit of migration within Europe. - There was a guest work scheme – bring people in for their labour and then push them out and bring another group in, so that there are no permanent settling migrants. - This began to occur in the 1970s , this is because of decolonization, - In the 70s birthrate began to decline dramatically. This was for reasons such as prosperity because children are known to be a huge drain on income. - Prosperous populations have a declining birthrate, as prosperity set in, birthrate began to drop dramatically - For a population to reproduce themselves they have to produce on average 2.1 children. - You need to start off with more then you need. - By the 1970s there were only a few countries that were producing 2.1 children per family. - Most countries were in the 1.6 to 2 children. - West Germany was about 1.4 - Catholic countries like Spain Portugal Italy reproduced themselves. The church was powerful enough it prevented the sale of birth control products and the distribution of information about contraceptives. - By the 1980s all of these countries except for Ireland had dropped below replacement level.
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