Final_Essay_Tips - CLAS340B Final Exam Essay Tips Essays...

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CLAS340B Final Exam Essay Tips Essays need to be written in essay format (i.e. intro, body and conclusion), not as a list of bullet points. Essays should contain 10 relevant, important, and specific facts. There are 6 possible essay questions and you will pick one of 2. I put some notes about each question followed by examples you can use to support your essay (I copied a lot of these from the terms list, so they may also have irrelevant info mixed in). 1. Discuss the development of architecture in ancient Italy from the later Roman Republic in the 1st century B.C. to the end of the Roman empire. Include concepts such as anthropomorphic, Baroque, world-making and propagandistic. Cite at least 5 major buildings and discuss them. Propagandistic – Building structures with symbolic messages. Anthropomorphic – Designing buildings as spaces for people to move through and react to. Employs push-pull techniques, surprises, water. Mysterious spaces. Light and dark. Water and air. Related to Baroque. Baroque – Push-pull building. Rectilinear and curvilinear shapes. World-making – Building something to create your own spatial experience. Forum Augustum – 37-32 BC - A forum Augustus built north of the Roman Forum. - It was built to celebrate victory over Caesar’s assassins. - Location of the Temple of Mars Ultor (Mars the Avenger). - Included Greek features like caryatids. - Depicted Mars and Venus and was built to commemorate Caesar’s vengeance. Temple of the Deified Julius Caesar – 29 BC Ara Pacis – 13-9 BC - The Altar of Augustan Peace, a carved relief altar. - The best surviving example of Augustus’s propaganda program. - Procession frieze mimics the Parthenon frieze. - Suggested that the Julio-Claudians were descended from deities. Sanctuary of Fortuna Primageneia at Praeneste – 80 BC - This had a theater in it, but it was part of a sacred complex. - Later Roman Republic theater temple complex that included temples, open areas for worship, sacred groves, a theater, and secular buildings. 1
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- It was a massive reconstruction of an older sanctuary on top of a hill. It was built by Sulla. - The temple to Fortuna was an oracular shrine on top of the complex. - It was a highly complicated symmetrical design that mixed traditional - Greek elements with Roman design. Domus Aurea/Golden House of Nero – AD 64 - Neronian Baroque. Introduced by Severus and Celer. - Nero’s gilded villa in Rome. - Proto-flying buttresses. - He allegedly burned down half of Rome to make space for it. - It had an octagonal room and 4 th style painting. - It had a manmade lake that was filled in for the Colosseum. The Pantheon – AD 125 - A temple in Rome dedicated to all the gods. - It was originally built by Agrippa in 27 BC. -
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Final_Essay_Tips - CLAS340B Final Exam Essay Tips Essays...

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