Art History Midterm Notes
Saturday, October 13, 2007
ART HISTORY STUDY GUIDE
- Buon fresco technique consists of painting in pigment mixed with
water on a thin layer of wet, fresh, lime mortar or plaster. Used in 14th – 16th
(ish) cen for wall/ceiling paintings usually in churches/chapels. "must be painted
on the wall while the plaster is still fresh/wet"
Enrico Scrovegni -
A money - lender (which meant he was eeeevil or at least
considered evil), who commissioned Giotto to paint his Arena Chapel.
interest. Money is lent then paid back w/ursury = interest.
literally "re-birth" beginning around 15th century, Italy
Florence, a sudden turn from middle ages art. Focus on the classical age, but
also a synthesization of the past with the present. A look away from the middle
ages into a better art.
- people who commissioned paintings based upon their own
legally binding documents between artist and patron regarding
Content of contracts -
materials and labor. Trend from material to labor-
based. What material used and how much labor done by artist himself instead
– made of crushed Lapis Lazuli. Incredibly expensive: shipped
from Afghanistan and used to paint in strong blues. I.E. Mary’s robes. More
stable than German Blue. Shows the wealth of the patron/painting.
German Blue –
cheaper cousin of Ultramarine. Copper oxidizes over time and
turns the painted blue into a greener tint.
Reasons patrons commissioned art –
commissioned art b/c "The pleasure of
possession, an active piety, civic consciousness of one or another kind, self-
commemoration, and perhaps self-advertisement, the rich man's necessary
virtue and pleasure of reparation, a taste for pictures"
1."satisfaction about owning what is good"
2."the glory of God"
3. "the honour of the city"
4." and commemoration of myself [patron]"
5."buying such things is an outlet for the pleasure and virtue of spending money
well, a pleasure greater than
substantial one of making money"
Materials and skills -
Originally, the contracts specified the importance of
materials (due to their indication of wealth), but as time progressed to
Renaissance, the focus on materials (quantitative) began to shift towards skill
of illusion (qualitative).
Period Eye -
painting in that era's perspective. i.e.
– the artist’s recognition of the artist’s skill of gauging things
(measurements, biblical sources, etc. in paintings)
Fra Roberto -
wrote about gesturing in early Renaissance paintings. Specified
the systematic expressions and what they meant.
States of Mary response to Gabriel -
Disquiet - "she in her humility was astonished and amazed"
Reflection - "she cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be"
Inquiry "this modest, pure, chaste, maidenly lover of virginity inquired how a
virgin could conceive"
Submission "Lowering her head…And then lifting her eyes towards heaven,
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