Unit 1 Assignment Comparing Sociology 1.Compare scientific sociology, interpretive sociology, and critical sociology. Be sure to explain which approaches best describe the work of Comte, Durkheim, and Marx. French social thinker Aguste Comte coined the term “Sociology” in the year 1838. Comte viewed sociology in three stages of society Theological (the church in the Middle Ages), Metaphysical (the enlightenment and the ideas of Hobbes), and Scientific stage (modern physics, chemistry and sociology). Comte’s approach is called “positivism”, “a scientific approach to knowledge based on “positive” facts as opposed to mere speculation.” As a Positivist, Comte studied the physical world in comparison to the study of society using the structural-functional approach. Emile Durkhei, who helped to establish this study of sociology in French Universities also based his work on this approach. Karl Marx utilized the critical sociology and social-conflict approach to study of powerful groups of people and their ability to exploit their power over the less powerful. He also rejected the idea that society existed as a natural system with a steady order and focused on the use of critical sociology to focus on the cause for social change. (2013,pg. 7,15,16) Positivist sociology focuses on the actions of people and what they do. Interpretive sociology understanding their actions and surroundings. Also, positivists claim that reality exists where
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- Fall '16
- Sociology, Assignment Comparing Sociology