Criminology Lectures - CriminologyLecture#1 Appliedtobehavior,physicalconditions,ortoatypeofperson

Criminology Lectures - CriminologyLecture#1...

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Criminology Lecture #1Why does someone commit a crime?
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functionalists believe that deviance applies to any behavior deemed as bad for society, regardlessof whether people disapprove of the actalternative uses of absolutist definitions- medical doctorspowerful and elite individuals in society decide social values/normsreactivist – deviance is decided by others who label them as soreactivists reject that deviance comes from innate quality of act – comes solely from the reactions of the act’s social audienceimpossible to define deviance using objective criteriainterested in understanding the processes by which society and its members subjectively determine that certain people and behaviors are abnormalsomeone who breaks the law and is not caught is not labeled as deviant                                - normative/relative – behavior is deviant if it is different and is/would be evaluated negatively if detectedNorms -  what people should or should not think, say, or do under given circumstancesLaws -  norms become laws after popular support is achieved for their positionsProblems with Normative Definition-‘positive’ deviance is impossible-people may belong to multiple social groups-certain groups evaluate certain behaviors differently
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  • Spring '11
  • Sociology, Criminology, Notes, Lecture Notes

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