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Final - #1 The Western culture and influences have spread...

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#1) The Western culture and influences have spread into Middle East has a result of Napoleons Invasion of Egypt. Western culture mainly spread through Western economic and political control. Influences from the west were also seen affecting the religion of Islam and a big change in literature and science. By introducing modern Western ideas these fostered the growth of the Arab nationalism, contributed to the revival of Arabic literature, and provided a powerful impulse towards modernization. Napoleons’ invasion brought many techniques from European society into the Middle East. The print press, which was taken from the Vatican, was used by the Napoleon to print announcements in Arabic. This new technology would eventually lead to the mass translation of European text into Arabic and printed out on the printing press. The press also allowed for newspaper and other forms of printed entertainment to be available at the local corner. During his exploration to Egypt, Napoleon brought 160 scholars to Egypt with him. Here they built l’Egypte, which was established the Institute of Egypt and was the center for all European scientist in Egypt. Napoleons’’ forces would soon be ejected from the Middle East by English-Ottoman forces in 1802, and he would return to France to become the Emperor. After the French were banished from the land, Muhammad Ali took over and became known as the “Father of Modern Egypt.” He introduced to Egypt a centralized government and bureaucratization along European guidelines. Along with that Ali also had a huge military reform with would be the blueprints to the “New Model Army.” He
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