Test three phl - Test three phl pg 761-828 HUME 15:53:00...

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Test three phl pg. 761-828 HUME 15/04/2009 15:53:00 P.761-828 Two very different sets of methods 1. Rationalism- ex. Descartes certainties are innate 2. Empiricism- denies concepts of innate ideas; don’t believe in knowledge by recollection. In respect to our ideas we are born with empty minds, does not deny innateness of reflexes and such, only ideas because they come from learning and experience Hume is considered an empiricist Section 4 of Hume’s work, only 2 forms of reasoning Reasoning concerning relations of ideas o Proved by demonstration, and all the associations of the ideas happen in our mind (Remember the empiricists think the mind has the ability to relate ideas) Reasoning concerning matter of facts o Related to the likeliness that something will happen, something is explained by experience, the conclusion is based off of the likeliness it will occur 2 statements Analytic- a priori means that once we have the concept we don’t need additional information or experience to arrive at a conclusion. Ex. Bachelor and Married man, if you know idea of B and M, then your mind can relate the two ideas and say a bachelor is an unmarried man. Ex. 2+2=4 innate operation understands that it equals to four. It means that you can get knowledge without any additional experience, but of course the initial concepts you got by experience and then you can relate them in your mind. This analytic statement is related to Relations of Ideas because the conclusion is proven by demonstration given that you began with ideas. Synthetic- a posteriori means that something is based on cause and effect, the likiliness something will occur related to reasoning based on matters of fact. Ex. Prof at home and he sees wife’s car in driveway so he concludes she is at home because he has a sequence of experience that every time the car is there she is home so he comes to an automatic conclusion. Given two statements, Necessity of connection= Causality o Not based on reason, it is based on experience. Ex. You see A then you see B…. cause and effect based on experience o Means you can only conclude the cause and effect if you can view them together, you can only reason about something if you have seen the cause and effect so causality is a psychological phenomenon in our mind. The idea is that if you have never seen c and e together, you can not reason from c to e and to apply to God’s existence, you can’t reason this world to Gods world because you didn’t see them created together. Causal (how likely something is) is synthetic, Hume tried to break argument of many philosophers because tried to criticize the idea of causality because it is based on reason.
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Causal statements (taken as scientific law) are related by necessary connection. A cause B then if A occurs then B occurs, not only this because you have some reasoning from A to B and Hume is trying to say that it is natural necessity. Causality is only due to
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2009 for the course PHL 301 taught by Professor Bonevac during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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Test three phl - Test three phl pg 761-828 HUME 15:53:00...

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