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Midterm 1 - Ch 1 History 1 Cultural approach a Going to be...

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Ch. 1- History 1. Cultural approach a. Going to be studied culturally, because cultures determine experience of age, varies between cultures b. Adolescence- between puberty and adulthood 2. Western Culture’s Adolescence a. Plato - third distinct stage of life 14-21 (infancy is birth-7 and childhood 7-14)- capacity for reasoning develops b. Aristotle- children are like animals bc of impulses, develop reason in adolescence—entire course of adolescence to fully develop reasoning (difference btwn the 2) 3. Early Christian times through middle ages a. 1212- robbed, raped, kidnapped, in college at 13-15, children’s crusade 4. 1500-1890 a. Life cycle service- late teens, 20’s, young people participate in service and move out- farm, apprenticeships, about 7 years b. More industrialized growing cities, people went into cities, then became social problems because committed crimes and premarital sex c. Led to YMCA, institution of social control to help these problems (it did) 5. 1890-1920 Age of Adolescence a. “Youth” beforehand, toward end of this changes began, WESTERN b. Industrial Revolution- demand for labor and they were in demand as cheap labor, few laws about restricting them c. Concern because they were not being educated but exploited and harmed by doing adult work d. Child labor laws- laws requiring longer period of schooling (from elementary originally to secondary school requirement) e. Schooling= adolescence, after schooling= adult 6. Inventionist View a. Required to go to school to separate from adults, comply with adult authority 7. G. Stanley Hall a. Child study movement- scientific research on children and adolescent development, improving environments for them b. Founder of APA c. Recapitulation- development of individual recapitulates evolutionary development of species as a whole d. “Storm and stress” standard part of development 8. Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood a. Menarche- first menstruation, age has decreased recently due to better nutrition b. Emerging adulthood: period from 18-25 i. Doesn’t exist in all cultures, mainly industrialized ones (the West) ii. Age of identity explorations**- love, work explore possibilities and find out who they are, their capabilities and fit in society iii. Age of instability- moving from one residence to another
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iv. Self focused age- in between reliance on parents- focus independent decisions on themselves v. Age of feeling in between- don’t really feel either, transitional period of life vi. Age of possibilities- many futures made possible, high hopes, not yet committed to anyone and independent or subject to parent’s problems, can turn lives into more positive direction c. Early adolescence: 10-14, late 15-18, emerging adulthood 18-25 d. American transition into adulthood i. 18- legally (voting) ii. Roles considered to be adult roles (parenthood, full time jobs) iii. Accepting responsibility for oneself, financial independence, and making own decisions- individualism, learning to stand alone, independence, collectivism e. Collectivism i. Iran ii. Marriage- relationships outside of family origin 9.
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