2012-Framework-Agreement-on-the-Bangsamoro - The 2012 Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro JOINT GPH-MILF DRAFT In the Name of God the Beneficent the

2012-Framework-Agreement-on-the-Bangsamoro - The 2012...

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The 2012 Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro JOINT GPH-MILF DRAFT In the Name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT ON THE BANGSAMORO The Philippine Government (GPH) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) herein referred to as the Parties to this Agreement, HAVE AGREED AND ACKNOWLEDGED AS FOLLOWS: I. ESTABLISHMENT OF THE BANGSAMORO 1. The Parties agree that the status quo is unacceptable and that the Bangsamoro shall be established to replace the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). The Bangsamoro is the new autonomous political entity (NPE) referred to in the Decision Points of Principles as of April 2012. 2. The government of the Bangsamoro shall have a ministerial form. The Parties agree to entrench an electoral system suitable to a ministerial form of government. The electoral system shall allow democratic participation, ensure accountability of public officers primarily to their constituents and encourage formation of genuinely principled political parties. The electoral system shall be contained in the Bangsamoro Basic Law to be implemented through legislation enacted by the Bangsamoro Government and correlated with national laws. 3. The provinces, cities, municipalities, barangays and geographic areas within its territory shall be the constituent units of the Bangsamoro. The authority to regulate on its own responsibility the affairs of the constituent units is guaranteed within the limit of the Bangsamoro Basic Law. The privileges already enjoyed by the local government units under existing laws shall not be diminished unless otherwise altered, modified or reformed for good governance pursuant to the provisions of the Bangsamoro local government code. 4. The relationship of the Central Government with the Bangsamoro Government shall be asymmetric. 5. The Parties recognize Bangsamoro identity. Those who at the time of conquest and colonization were considered natives or original inhabitants of Mindanao and the Sulu archipelago and its adjacent islands including Palawan, and their descendants whether of mixed or of full blood shall have the right to identify themselves as Bangsamoro by ascription or self- ascription. Spouses and their descendants are classified as Bangsamoro. The freedom of choice of other Indigenous peoples shall be respected. II. BASIC LAW 1. The Bangsamoro shall be governed by a Basic Law. 2. The provisions of the Bangsamoro Basic Law shall be consistent with all agreements of the Parties.
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3. The Basic Law shall reflect the Bangsamoro system of life and meet internationally accepted standards of governance. 4. It shall be formulated by the Bangsamoro people and ratified by the qualified voters within its territory. III. POWERS 1. The Central Government will have reserved powers, the Bangsamoro Government shall have its exclusive powers, and there will be concurrent powers shared by the Central Government and the Bangsamoro Government.
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