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NURS 6521N-02 Advanced PharmacologyWeek 4: Respiratory SystemDiscussion: Pharmacotherapy for Respiratory DisordersMain Discussion PostArcangelo and Peterson defines pneumonia as a lung infection that leads to consolidationthe alveoli that are normally air filled. It occurs in all age groups but the elderly (those older than65 years of ag) and the young (those less than 2 years of age) are most at risk. In the U.S.community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) ranks 8thas the leading cause of death and the mostcommon cause of death from a source of infection (Arshad, Fasanya, Cheema, & Singh, 2016).The estimated mortality rate of CAP is 5%, but increases to 10% in patients admitted to a healthcare facility and up to 30% in those admitted to an intensive care unit (Arshad et al., 2016).In patients with no risk factors for drug resistant S. pneumoniae who were previouslyhealthy macrolide antibiotics such as Zithromax, Biaxin, and erythromycin are recommended. In
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Arshad,healthy macrolide antibiotics,Erythromycin,resistant S. pneumoniae