Chapter 6 - Chapter 6: Perception Selective Attention At...

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Chapter 6: Perception Selective Attention At any moment we are conscious of a very limited amount of all that we are capable of experiencing. One  example of this selective attention is the cocktail party effect—attending to only one voice among many.  Another example is inattentional blindness, which refers to our blocking of a brief visual interruption when  focusing on other sights.  Perceptual Illusions  Visual and auditory illusions were fascinating scientists even as psychology emerged. Explaining illusions  required an understanding of how we transform sensations into meaningful perceptions, so the study of  perception   became   one   of   psychology’s   first   concerns.   Conflict   between   visual   and   other   sensory  information is usually resolved with the mind’s accepting the visual data, a tendency known as visual  capture. Perceptual Organization From a top-down perspective, we see how we transform sensory information into meaningful perceptions  when we are aided by knowledge and expectations.  The early Gestalt psychologists were impressed with the seemingly innate way we organize fragmentary  sensory data into whole perceptions. Our minds structure the information that comes to us in several  demonstrable ways: Form Perception To recognize an object, we must first perceive it (see it as a figure) as distinct from its surroundings (the 
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This note was uploaded on 05/17/2008 for the course PS 101 taught by Professor Yost during the Spring '08 term at John Carroll.

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Chapter 6 - Chapter 6: Perception Selective Attention At...

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