Chapter 11

Chapter 11 - Chapter 11 Intelligence What Is Intelligence...

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Chapter 11: Intelligence What Is Intelligence? It is misleading  to  reify concepts such  as "intelligence"  and  "giftedness"—to  regard  these  abstract  concepts as if they were real, concrete things. To most psychologists, intelligence is defined as the ability  to learn from experience, solve problems, and adapt to new situations. Is Intelligence One General Ability or Several Specific Abilities? Psychologists agree that people have specific abilities, such as verbal and mathematical aptitudes.  However, they debate whether a general intelligence (g) factor runs through them all. Recent research  finds that general intelligence scores do correlate with ability to solve novel problems (those found in  educational or vocational areas) but do not correlate with “evolutionarily familiar” skills (such as parenting  or exhibiting social competence). Factor analysis and studies of special conditions, such as the savant  syndrome; have identified clusters of mental aptitudes. Emotional Intelligence A part of social intelligence, emotional intelligence involves the ability to perceive, understand, manage,  and  use  emotions. Those  with  a  high  emotional intelligence  are  better able  to have  higher-quality  relationships with others. Some feel that high general intelligence gets you in a profession but it does not  necessarily make you successful once there. Critics of this idea feel that the concept of intelligence is  stretched too thin by applying it to emotion. Intelligence and Creativity
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This note was uploaded on 05/17/2008 for the course PS 101 taught by Professor Yost during the Spring '08 term at John Carroll.

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Chapter 11 - Chapter 11 Intelligence What Is Intelligence...

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