Chapter 17

Chapter 17 - Chapter 17: Therapy The Psychological...

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Chapter 17: Therapy The Psychological Therapies Psychological therapy, or psychotherapy, is an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a  trained therapist and someone suffering from psychological difficulties. The major psychotherapies derive  from the familiar psychoanalytic, humanistic, behavioral, and cognitive perspectives on psychology. Psychoanalysis Those influenced by the psychoanalytic perspective try to help people gain insight into the unconscious  origins of their disorders and to work through the accompanying feelings. To do so, an analyst may draw  on techniques such as free association and dream analysis, and interpret resistance and the transference  to the therapist of long-repressed feelings.  Traditional psychoanalysis, which is no longer practiced widely, is criticized for assuming repression, for  after-the-fact interpretations, and for being time-consuming and costly. The more common psychodynamic  therapy is influenced by the psychoanalytic perspective’s concern for providing insight into childhood  experiences and defense mechanisms. But it offers a briefer treatment form and often incorporates other  techniques into the therapy sessions. Humanistic Therapies Unlike psychoanalysts, humanistic therapists focus on clients’ current conscious feelings and on their  taking responsibility for their own growth. Carl Rogers, in his client-centered therapy, used active listening 
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This note was uploaded on 05/17/2008 for the course PS 101 taught by Professor Yost during the Spring '08 term at John Carroll.

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Chapter 17 - Chapter 17: Therapy The Psychological...

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