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Chapter 14 - Chapter 14 Stress and Health Stress and...

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Chapter 14: Stress and Health Stress and Illness  People’s behaviors and stress responses are major influences on health and disease. Health psychology  is contributing to the interdisciplinary field of behavioral medicine, which provides new avenues for the  prevention and treatment of illness. Among health psychology’s concerns are the effects of stress and the  promotion of healthier living.  Stress and Stressors  Walter Cannon viewed stress, the process by which we appraise and respond to events that challenge or  threaten us, as a "fight-or-flight" system. Hans Selye saw it as a three-stage (alarm-resistance-exhaustion)  general   adaptation   syndrome.   Modern   research   on   stress   assesses   the   health   consequences   of  catastrophic events, significant life changes, and daily hassles.  Stress and the Heart  Coronary heart disease, the number one cause of death, has been linked with the competitive, hard- driving, impatient, and (especially) anger-prone Type A personality. Under stress, the body of a reactive, 
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