120.T4O - CSULB Instructor: George M. Scott ANTHROPOLOGY...

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1 CSULB Instructor: George M. Scott ANTHROPOLOGY 120 INTRODUCTION TO CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY OUTLINE—TOPIC 4 LANGUAGE AND SYMBOLS I. LANGUAGE—No language, no culture; perhaps no human thought A. Anthropological Interest B. Communication C. Speech; Speech Community D. "Primitive" Languages? II. HUMAN VS. NON-HUMAN COMMUNICATION A. Call System—Largely Instinctual B. Language Largely Learned 1. Call System is Rigidly Stereotyped; Language is Arbitrary. 2. Call System is Closed; Language is Open. 3. Call System is Stimulus-Bound; Language is Stimulus-Free ("Displacement"). C. Nature of Language Allows For: 1. Prevarication 2. Linguistic Competence and Incompetence 3. Communicative Competence and Incompetence 4. Development of "New" Languages III. EVOLUTION OF LANGUAGE A. Origin around 4 million years ago B. Physiological Mechanism 1. Cerebral Cortex 2. Pharynx ("Sound Box"); Larynx ("Wind Pipe") C. Model of Language Evolution (Hockett and Ascher) IV. SAPIR-WHORF HYPOTHESIS (LINGUISTIC DETERMINISM)
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120.T4O - CSULB Instructor: George M. Scott ANTHROPOLOGY...

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