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120.T6 - Ag Ind 2 Origin 4 Million 10,000 10,000 6,000 250...

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1 CSULB Instructor: George M. Scott ANTHROPOLOGY 120 INTRODUCTION TO CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY OUTLINE—TOPIC 6 TECHNOLOGY AND PRODUCTION I. INTRODUCTION A. TECHNOLOGY B. ADAPTATION TO THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT C. ENERGY RESOURCES, INCLUDING FOOD D. ECONOMY AND PRODUCTION II. CULTURAL EVOLUTION A. INCREASING ADAPTATION EFFICIENCY B. STAGES OF CULTURAL EVOLUTION C. CAN ALSO BE ACCOUNTED FOR BY INNOVATION AND DIFFUSION; DIFFERENT TYPES OF SOCIETIES, NOT EVOLUTIONARY STAGES D. OVERALL PROCESS=MODERNIZATION RATHER THAN EVOLUTION III. STAGES/TYPES A. HUNTING-GATHERING (FORAGING) B. HORTICULTURE (SLASH AND BURN; DIGGING STICK) C. PASTORALISM (NOMADIC PASTORALISM; PASTORAL NOMADISM; HERDING) D. AGRICULTURE (PLOW, IRRIGATION, FIRST CITIES) E. INDUSTRIALISM (INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION; "MACHINE AGE"; NOW "INFORMATION AGE") F. A=FOOD GATERING; B-E=FOOD PRODUCTION G. TABLE OF CHARACTERISTICS OF SOCIAL STAGES/TYPES; COMPARATIVE APPROACH Chars. Hunt-Gath Hort.
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Unformatted text preview: Ag. Ind. 2 Origin 4 Million 10,000 10,000 6,000 250 Tech. Human Mus-cular Energy; Hand Tools Same; Differences Quantitative Same Plus Animal Energy 1. Same 2. Mech. (simple at first) Mech. Economy-Distribut./ Exchange Reciprocity Same Plus Redistri-bution Same 1. Same 2. Market Exchange Same Polity Egalitarian; Bands Same Plus Locally Centralized; Villages; Headmen Same Plus Wholly Centralized; Camps to State Central.; Tribes & Chiefs; State Same Settlemnt Pattern Nomadic Semi-Nomadic; 5-10 years Nomadic Sedentary Same Social Relations Moral-Normative; Communal-ism Same Same Plus Amoral-Pragmatic Same Same Plus Indivi-dualism Religion Animism; Shamanism; Rites of Passage Same Plus Ancestor Worship Same Plus Polytheism & Monotheism; Shmanism and Priesthood Poly & Monothsm; Priesthood; Rites of Passage Same IV. FILM CLIP— Dani Sweet Potatoes...
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