Jandt8e_ppt08 - Chapter 8 Comparative Cultural Patterns...

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Chapter 8: Comparative Cultural Patterns © 2015, SAGE Publications, Inc.
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 2
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What will you learn? How do religion and language define the Arab culture? How does Saudi Arabia exemplify the culture of the Arab states? What are the dominant cultural patterns in the Arab culture, in terms of relationships with nature, activities, time, human nature, and fellow beings? What are some communication barriers among the Arab states and the United States? © 2015, SAGE Publications, Inc.
The Arab States There is much diversity in the Arab world today - 22 countries with a total population of 358 million The population per country in 2013 ranged from 752,000 in Comoros to 85 million in Egypt Iran is not considered an Arab country because its language is Persian (Farsi) Annual per capita gross domestic product (GDP) ranges from $600 in Somalia to more than $103,900 in Qatar The Arab world’s history spans more than 5,000 years, yet after 1800 European countries conquered 90% of the Arab world by military force; after World War I European colonial powers began a slow retreat © 2015, SAGE Publications, Inc.
The Islamic Faith Traditionally, Arabs have had three main political and cultural trends: nationalism (Egypt, Lebanon) pan-Arabism (political alliance/union of all Arab nations) Islam In much of the Arab world, people identify themselves as Arab or Muslim Arab culture transcends time and space through language and its Islamic faith (1.6 billion followers) Arabs were the ethnic group that originally spread Islam, but are now the minority in the religion (today, some 75 countries have large Muslim populations) Nonhierarchical religion; no priesthood; no churches © 2015, SAGE Publications, Inc.
Muhammad, the Prophet Born circa 570; died 632 Orphaned at an early age, Muhammad ibn Abdullah was a businessman when, in 610 and then continuing for 20 years, it is said that he received his revelations through the angel Gabriel for the Koran, the Islamic holy book By the 8th century, a system of political-religious leadership that originated with the first successor to Muhammad held authority over parts of three continents, from what is now Pakistan across the Middle East and North Africa to Spain Caliphate: geographical areas ruled by a chief Muslim civil and religious leader or caliph; office had become more political by 10 th century Office abolished in 1924; some Muslims are campaigning to restore in a form similar to Roman Catholic papacy © 2015, SAGE Publications, Inc.
The Qur’an often spelled Koran; means “the recitation” in Arabic; was revealed by God to the Prophet Muhammad; is considered to contain the verbatim words of Allah Contains stories, admonitions, verse and prophetic segments, and social, political, and economic laws No separation of church and state Islam is the only world religion that offers rules by which to govern a state as well as a set of spiritual beliefs in its holy book © 2015, SAGE Publications, Inc.
Religious Practices Muslims consider Muhammad the last and greatest

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