MHR301_Ch2 - Chapter 2 The Evolution of Management Thought...

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Chapter 2 The Evolution of Management Thought Leanne Powers MHR301 From McGraw-Hill Irwin Contemporary Management
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Evolution of Management Theory
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Job Specialization Adam Smith (1723-1790) Realized that job specialization  resulted in much higher efficiency and  productivity Breaking down the total job allowed for  the division of labor in which workers  became very skilled  at their specific tasks.
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Scientific Management Characterized by a worker-task  relationship, with efficiency as its  primary goal Associated with the industrial era in  Europe and the U.S. Defined by Fredrick W. Taylor (1856- 1915)
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Taylor’s Principles: 1. Study the way workers perform  tasks and  experiment with ways of improving them 2. Determine rules and SOPs  that govern  task performance 3. Select and train  (according to the rules)  the worker for the task 1. Establish a performance standard, and  develop a pay system that rewards   above-standard performance
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How were these applied? 
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This note was uploaded on 05/18/2008 for the course MHR 301 taught by Professor Sharif-zadeh during the Fall '07 term at Cal Poly Pomona.

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MHR301_Ch2 - Chapter 2 The Evolution of Management Thought...

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