1 23 07 Tuesday

1 23 07 Tuesday - Tuesday HW Read Marx essays#10 12 C D 14...

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1/23/07 Tuesday HW: Read Marx essays #10 , 12 C+D , 14 , 15 , 19 , 22, 23 I. Last time… A. Nature of theory is as background II. The One and the Many – what happens individuals, as individuals, come and join society; the conflict between individual need and group need and desires A. “The Tragedy of the Commons” – developed Hardin in the late ‘60’s 1. Imagine a partial society based on herding. The so called tragedy of the commons: a. picture a pasture open to all (free grazing land); expected that each herdsman will keep as many cattle as possible on the commons b. such an arrangement may work for centuries because tribal wars and diseases keeps the population of men/cattle way below the carrying capacity c. not a problem so far because not too many cattle around (not enough density) for conflict over land d. finally, day of reckoning comes when the long desired goal of social stability develops 1). No more wars, etc 2). This model then generates “tragedy” a). Tragedy – goal that we choose will have unforeseen consequences that will harm us Classic case: powerful warrior killed my father, and so my goal in life is to become a powerful warrior to revenge; problem is that he is too strong for me anyway, but I can’t see that because I thought I have enough strength/friends to win – no matter what I think I will still lose b). As a rational individual, each herdsmen seeks to maximize his gain on the common land c). What each herdsman think of owning one more animal Positive utility component: function of one cattle; valuable; completely +1 utility
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1 23 07 Tuesday - Tuesday HW Read Marx essays#10 12 C D 14...

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