Test - Ch 1 Understanding Sociology Sociology Mills ●...

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Ch. 1. Understanding Sociology Sociology Mills Sociological imagination- vivid awareness of the relationship between personal experience and the wider society Social marginality- excluded from society; “outsider” Science – natural vs. social natural- study of physical features of nature and ways in which they interact and change social- study of social features of humans and the ways in which interact and change Sociological Theory What is theory? set of statements that seeks to explain problems, actions, or behavior Durkheim & Pioneering Study on Suicide Social integration- being social; getting involved with other people. In the study, if an individual is socially integrated, they are less likely to commit suicide. Development of Sociology – Who are these folks? What was/is their contribution to sociology? Auguste Comte “Father” of sociology; “armchair philosopher He created the term, “sociology” came up with the theory of Historical Transition (how we view events?) Theological stage- “It’s God’s Will” Metaphysical stage- human nature Scientific stage- based on evidence Harriet Martineau follower of Comte she offered insightful observations of the customs and social practices of both Britain and the United States of America emphasized the impact that the economy, law, trade, health, and population has on social issues also strong supporter of women’s rights, emancipation of slaves, and religious tolerance Herbert Spencer applied concept of evolution of species to society to show how it changes or evolves over time Emile Durkheim provides strong evidence on how social forces affect individual behavior did studies on suicide rates
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