IRLS210_Assignment2 - China went through some reforms to change their view about relations between them and other states from Confucianism to

IRLS210_Assignment2 - China went through some reforms to...

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China went through some reforms to change their view about relations between them and other states from Confucianism to integrating modern international order. China adopted the Confucianism world order, according to Confucian, world order is only through the “Celestial Empire of China and the Tributary System”. By the care of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, China progressively inherited the regime of the Celestial Empire as the principal international relations policy (Zewei, 6-7). The Confucian world order adopted by China suggests that all power belong to China, that China possesses supremacy over neighboring states and also China was the only country with civilization. China by its geographical location consider itself as the center of the world. Culturally, China has gained a renown over its neighbors. In order to remain in power, all the emperors declared themselves as supreme rulers chosen by god and therefor no one outranks him in the exercise of power. All neighboring states must pay tribute, in all its forms, to the emperor. This tributary system was meant to maintain “Chinese Empire’s security and sovereign integrity”. Modern international law made its way to China in the mid-19 th century with the advent of the opium wars. According to Zewei emperor Qing was “forced to learn about international relation and law” after he was defeated. The encounter between the two orders meaning the tributary system and the new international order was a collision. On one hand, the

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