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Final Review - Meditation III(Second Part Trademark...

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Meditation III (Second Part): Trademark Argument for God’s Existence 1. I have an idea of God (innate) 2. My idea of God represents an infinitely perfect being 3. I could not have such an idea, if there were no indefinitely perfect being outside me 4. (Therefore) an infinitely perfect being exists outside me *atheists, heretics, religious people all have THOUGHT of God - represents infinite perfection, but idea itself is not infinitely perfect idea of God represents infinitely perfect being, but Descartes’s idea isn’t perfect (it just exists) 5. Everything must have a cause 6. The fact that my idea of God represents an infinitely perfect being must have a cause that is infinitely perfect 7. I am not infinitely perfect. (If there were infinite perfection in me, I couldn’t fail to notice it) -P5 6 worrisome: idea couldn’t have power to represent infinite perfection unless it was caused by something infinitely perfect; idea of infinity is crucial to argument (“I could not have borrowed it from myself.”) BUT could I have put it together from the ideas of finite and not ? *Feuerbach, Marx: Idea of God= projection from our limitations/ unsatisfied desires -P5 worrisome: principle of causation: Everything must have a cause . *needs slight revision: Every contingent thing must have a cause Meditation IV : “God is not a deceiver” God is infinitely perfect He has no imperfections He is not a deceiver, b/c “it is manifest by the light of nature” that deception stems from a defect The Problem of Error : If God is not a deceiver makes erroneous judgment impossible The Problem of Evil and the… : Presence of evil seems incompatible with existence of God (omni-benevolent, omniscient, omnipotent) Free Will Defense -Freedom is a very great good -Our freedom enables us to do bad things -Not even God can create a world with free beings and keep them from doing bad things *this would imply a contradiction (of Free Will, not of God’s nature/ existence); not even God can do things that imply a contradiction -The goodness of freedom is so great (maybe infinity) that it outweighs all the bad things that come in its wake It’s sufficient for the defense , if this is at least possible Descartes’ theory of judgment : ( modified Free Will Defense ) Judgment results from the cooperation of two faculties: the will, the understanding; judgment : when I decide freely to affirm or deny the ideas presented to me in my understanding 1. understanding provides me with ideas to judge about: it is finite and imperfect ; -I lack ideas of many things -Many of the ideas I do have are confused (not clear and distinct). 2. will is as close to infinite and unlimited as humans can get: the will is free ! *power to act on will= limited
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Error results from my misuse of my free will -Make judgments involving ideas that are not sufficiently clear to me -I deceive myself! It is my fault, my imperfection, not God’s.
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