Honor and Shame Essay

Honor and Shame Essay - Melissa Harintho THEO 10000-07...

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Melissa Harintho THEO 10000-07 “‘ Whose son are you, young man?’” (1 Samuel 17: 58) Saul immediately asks David after the young Israelite soldier saves his people from the Philistine giant Goliath. In modern times, Saul might ask of David: “ who are you?” In the ancient world of the Old Testament, however, kinship was the most important social institution, and consequently the most significant factor in ascribed honor , or honor obtained at birth by familial social status or granted by an authoritative figure in society. Acquired honor , on the other hand, was a publicly acknowledged exchange of honor through challenge and response that could be obtained in social interaction. In his chapter, “Honor and Shame: Pivotal Values of the First-Century Mediterranean World,” scholar Bruce Malina describes honor as ““the value of person in his or her own eyes plus that person’s value in the eyes of his or her social group” (Malina 30). Malina establishes that honor must be socially acknowledged in the agnostic culture of the ancient world. In “Honor and Shame: Pivotal Values of the First-Century Mediterranean World,” Malina examines the significance and process of acquired honor through the honor claim, response, and public verdict in the story of David and Goliath. The process of acquired honor begins with the
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This note was uploaded on 05/18/2008 for the course THEO 10000 taught by Professor Stewart during the Fall '08 term at Notre Dame.

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Honor and Shame Essay - Melissa Harintho THEO 10000-07...

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