Ch. 1-Legal Foundations

Ch. 1-Legal Foundations - LGS-200 CHAPTER ONE I. Three...

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LGS-200 CHAPTER ONE I. Three branches of government A. Legislative – makes the law B. Judicial – interprets the law C. Executive – enforces the law II. Sources of American Law A. United States Constitution – Supreme Law of the Land 1. 10 th Amendment – reserves all powers not granted to the federal government to the states. “ . . . the powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States respectively, or to the people.” FRAMEWORK OR SKELETON FOR LAWS 2. 7 articles to the U.S. Constitution (6 substantive articles) 3. 27 Amendments (18 th repealed by the 21 st ) 4. Amendment I: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assembly, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”
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B. State Constitutions 1. Cannot violate U.S. Constitution 2. Alabama’s is voluminous and outdated
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Ch. 1-Legal Foundations - LGS-200 CHAPTER ONE I. Three...

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