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HIS 164 Final Exam Review - HIS 164 Final Exam Review The...

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HIS 164 Final Exam Review The Civil Rights Movement o 13 th , 14 th , and 15 th Amendments to the Constitution 13 th - Abolishes slavery 14 th - Redefines the rights of citizenship 15 th - Clarifies the right to vote o Plessy v. Ferguson An 1896 U.S. Supreme Court case that ruled separate is ok as long as it is equal. o Booker T. Washington More conservative, more reserved, focused on basic education and job skill training for black men o W.E.B. DuBois Believed that blacks needed to be more radical to push for civil rights o New Deal and Changing Parties Up until the 1930’s African Americans largely voted republican until the parties began to change and they then began to vote democratic The Republican Party was becoming the party of business. o Tuskegee Airmen The Tuskegee Airmen was one of the most famous black regiments in WWII. There’s an argument that African Americans were forcibly placed in combat roles. o Dwight D. Eisenhower’s approach to segregation Believed in the need for integration and desegregation but his philosophy was that it couldn’t be forced it needed to be a gradual change. He believed that if there was more force that there would be more of an uproar. o Brown v. Board of Education Challenged “separate but equal”. Took cases like Sweatt v. Painter, a case that ruled that separate but equal was not ok in higher education especially law schools because blacks couldn’t get the same education,
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that stated if separate but equal isn’t working in higher education it isn’t going to work in the public school system either. In 1954 the case went forward to say that separate is not equal and overturned Plessy v. Ferguson in all education. However by December 1956 in the 6 Deep South states not a single African American and white child were going to school together. o Southern Manifesto Those who were opposed to integration finally struck back in 1956 in a document in which leading politicians, mostly southern, protested the change and argued that Brown v Board was unconstitutional. It was a symbol of the increasing organization of those opposed to integration and desegregation. o Rosa Parks December 1955, various civil rights organizations were beginning to plan boycotts. Since the majority of African Americans use the bus system to get to work they saw it as a prime way to boycott, if all African American quit riding the bus the city would lose revenues. They began to look for someone that could lead the way but not be ostracized by the media, they saw Rosa Parks as a good candidate One day Rosa Parks was on the way home from a rough day at work when a white man told her to get up so he could have her seat, she had had enough that day and refused to give up her seat, without knowing she had begun the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
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