GlobalizationandFrance - GLOBALIZATION AND THE TREASON OF...

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GLOBALIZATION AND THE “TREASON OF INTELLECTUALS” IN FRANCE Norman A. Graham Professor of International Relations and Director, Center for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies 10/30/06 and 11/1/06 (be sure to read Timothy Smith; much of what follows is to supplement and provide context for your reading— certainly not to replace it!) I. WHAT IS GLOBALIZATION? A. Most abused word of 21 st Century B. Definitions 1. process 2. cause of turbulent change -economically and socially Positive -economically (imperialism), -socially cultural assimilation via cultural imperialism) and ecologically Negative II. History and Theory A. Mercantilism (and Neomercantilism) B. Adam Smith & absolute advantage C. David Ricardo & comparative adv. III. Phases of Globalization IV. France (& Europe)and Globalizat. I. WHAT IS GLOBALIZATION? A. According to The Economist , GLOBALIZATION, is the most abused word of the 21 st Century! T.Smith notes that in 1997, shortly after socialist PM Lionel Jospin took office in France, a writer in Le Monde observed that “in the space of a few months, globalization has become not just the cause but the explanation of absolutely everything.” In France, globalization often seems to be synonymous with a variant of anti-amercianism—some/many French see globalization as a greedy US-inspired capitalist conspiracy B. DEFINITIONS: (If you “google” globalization there are 39,000,000 entries. The first one listed is actually quite good (Wikipedia): Globalization is an umbrella term for a complex series of economic , social , technological , cultural and political changes seen as increasing interdependence , integration and interaction between people and companies in disparate locations. As a term 'globalization' has been used as early as 1944 but economists began applying it around 1981. Theodore Levitt is usually credited with its coining through the article he wrote in 1983 for the Harvard Business Review entitled "Globalization of Markets". The more encompassing phenomenon has been perceived in the context of socio-cultural and political study on a worldwide scale. 1. The term "globalization" is used to refer to these collective changes as a process , or 2. as the cause of turbulent change. The 2. distinct uses include:
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Economically and socially positive: As an engine of commerce ; one which brings an increased standard of living prosperity to developing countries and further wealth to First World and Third World countries -- the descendant of 19 th Century debates on the desirability of free trade —Economic Liberalization Economically, socially, and ecologically negative: As an engine of " corporate imperialism "; one which tramples over the human rights of developing societies, claims to bring prosperity, yet often simply amounts to plundering and profiteering . Negative effects include cultural assimilation via cultural imperialism , the export of artificial wants, and the destruction or inhibition of authentic local and global community, ecology and cultures.
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