012w4d1 - Last Class Demonic Explanations The Classical...

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Last Class Demonic Explanations The Classical School The Social Contract and the Rationality Assumption Punishment should be certain, swift, and severe enough to deter crime (Bentham) What is meant by certainty? Using certainty, swiftness, and severity, think of some policies that would better deter drunk driving? Are Beccaria’s and Bentham’s theories of punishment at the macro or micro-level?
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This Class Positivism Early Positivistic Theories Lombroso and Evolutionary Theory Modern Biological Theories
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In the late 19 th century, social scientists began to look for the forces that determine crime. (Reject Free Will) Hard determinism focuses only on one cause, which is often present at birth Soft determinism allows for multiple causes and interactions between individuals and their environments Use the scientific method to test predictions of crime. Most explanations today are positivist.
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This note was uploaded on 05/18/2008 for the course SOC 012 taught by Professor Felson,richardb during the Fall '07 term at Penn State.

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012w4d1 - Last Class Demonic Explanations The Classical...

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