midterm - Midterm Soc 012 Crime action or failure to act...

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Midterm Soc 012 Crime – action or failure to act that is prohibited by law and subject to legal sanction Deviance – acts, persons, or conditions that society finds offensive, disvalues, or condemns ( social sanctions ) Legal Requirements for Guilt Actus Reus – the criminal act, voluntarily Mens Rea – Criminal intent Strict Liability – some crime do not require Mens Rea Substantive Law – Defines crime and sanctions; Felonies v. Misdemeanors Procedural – Defines how crimes will be prosecuted; Due process, Constitutional rights Consensus Perspective – law expresses the norms of society, which are generally agreed upon by the majority of citizens Interactionist Perspective – law represents the will of powerful interest groups , who create law to benefit their interests Conflict Perspective – law is a tool of the rich and powerful to maintain their power and control the poor and less powerful Criminology – the study of crime as a social phenomen. Seeks to understand the processes of making laws, breaking laws and reactions to breaking the law - Law - Theory - Quantitative – statistically analyze numerical data - Large rep. samples - Costly Sources: Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) – focuses on index crimes; victims non-reporting, only serious crimes, political manipulation, bias The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) – survey of 12 and older that verifies underreporting of crime; overreporting and underreporting, omits crime against kids, does not include “victimless” crimes National Incident-Based Reporting Survey (NIBRS) – detailed and includes 46 offenses; costly Self-Report Surveys – anonymous and random, measure drug use; miss “high-risk” populations and serious offending Index Crimes: 1. Homicide 2. Forcible Rape 3. Robbery 4. Aggravated Assault 5. Burglary 6. Larceny-Theft 7. Motor-Vehicle Theft 8. Arson
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Qualitative – observations or interviews of crimes or criminals - Small non-random samples - More detailed - Times is necessary Participant Observation – observes subjects’ behaviors and motives by participating in group activities Benefits : allows observation of secret or illicit behavior, access to subjects’ personal
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midterm - Midterm Soc 012 Crime action or failure to act...

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