April 21, 2008
Fairbanks is a Home Rule City in Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska, United States.
Fairbanks is the largest city in the Interior region of Alaska, and second largest in the state. It is
the principal city of the 'Fairbanks, Alaska Metropolitan Statistical Area' which encompasses all
of Fairbanks North Star Borough and is the northernmost Metropolitan Statistical Area in the
According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 31,324.The
population of Fairbanks and vicinity is 82,840. Fairbanks is home to the University of Alaska
Fairbanks, the oldest college in Alaska. Fairbanks is located at 64.837780° North, -147.71639°
West. Fairbanks is located in the Fairbanks Recording and in the heart of Alaska's Interior, on
both shores of the Chena River, near its confluence with the Tanana River in the Tanana Valley.
By air, Fairbanks is 45 minutes from Anchorage and 3 hours from
. It lies 358 road miles
(576 km) or a 6 hour drive north from Anchorage. According to the
United States Census
, the city has a total area of 32.7
), of which, 31.9 square miles
(82.5 km²) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km²) of it (2.48%) is water.
Fairbanks' climate is
. The Interior, home of Fairbanks and
, has some of the most extreme and variable weather in the world with rapid
. Winters are very long,
lasting from mid-October to mid-April. They are bitterly cold and dry, with temperatures
sometimes dipping down to -65 °F (-54 °C). Often the temperature is below zero
17.8 °C) for entire months. The coldest temperature ever recorded in Fairbanks was -66 °F (-54.4
. The average January low is -19 °F (-28 °C) and the average January
high is -2 °F (-19 °C). Winter snowfall averages around 67.4 inches (171 cm) per year. During
the winter months, if the temperature drops below -20 °F (-29 °C),
can occur. The
summers are usually very warm, with temperatures often reaching into the 80s °F (27° to 32°C)
and sometimes reaching into the 90s °F (32° to 37°C). The average July low is 53 °F (12 °C) and
the average July high is 72 °F (22 °C). The highest temperature ever recorded in Fairbanks was
99 °F (37.2 °C) on
. Thunderstorms with hail and lightning can occur in summer.
August and September can be rainy, and snow often starts falling in September. In spring, snow
often falls well into May, and sometimes even into early June. The average annual precipitation
is 10.34 inches per year (rainfall plus melted snow). Fairbanks is known for its lingering summer
days. The sun is up for 21 hours and 49 minutes on the 21st of June with 24 hours of usable
daylight. In summer the local golf clubs have all night golfing. Conversely, the sun is up for 3
hours and 42 minutes on the 21st of December with 6 hours and 33 minutes of usable daylight.
According to the