Taiping Rebellion, Attempted Reform

Taiping Rebellion, Attempted Reform - Taiping Rebellion and...

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Taiping Rebellion and the Self-Strengthening Movement 1. Nineteenth Century Decline a. Internal causes i. Population 1. About 300 million by 1800 2. About 475 million by 1900 ii. Landowners (social inequality) iii. Addiction (opium) iv. Foreign control 1. Foreign gunboats patrolling Chinese waters 2. Lost control of tributes from surrounding countries 3. About 90 ports had been opened to basically being controlled by foreigners b. Qing reaction and inaction i. Xianfeng (r. 1851 – 1861) c. Rebellions, 1851 – 1878 i. Nian,1853 – 1868 ii. Muslim, 1855 – 1873 iii. Dongan, 1862 – 1875 2. The “Great Peace” Rebellion, 1850 – 1864 a. Hong Xiuquan,1814 – 1864 i. Sinicized Christianity ii. Guangxi iii. Association of God Worshippers 1. Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace b. Yang Xiuqing (d. 1856) c. Reforms i. The Rites of Zhou d. Reasons for failure i. Zeng Guofan, 1811 – 1872 3. Attempted reform a. Self-strengthening movement, 1860 – 1895 i. Reform led by Confucian scholars 1. Selective modernization a. “Chinese learning at the base, Western learning for use.” b. “Western means for Chinese ends” c. Difficult to take part without taking all d. Bring Westerners to China to become supervisors, teachers, etc., which allows other forms of Western learning in i. Western means for Western ends
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This note was uploaded on 05/16/2008 for the course HIST 315 taught by Professor Palmer during the Fall '07 term at Christian Brothers.

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Taiping Rebellion, Attempted Reform - Taiping Rebellion and...

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