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Study Guide - Free Response Questions

Study Guide - Free Response Questions - Study Guide for...

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Study Guide for Final Art History Free Response Questions (30 Minutes) - 1/3 of Credit Architecture 1.) Buildings can relate to their sites in various ways. Choosing two buildings, discuss one building in terms of its physical relationship to its site and the other in terms of its symbolic or historical relationship to its site. Identify each building by name and time period. Possible Examples: Physical relationship: - Parthenon - Great Stupa at Sanchi - Chaitya Hall Symbolic/Historical - Dome of the Rock - St.Peters - Erectheon - Santiago de Compostella Dome of the Rock ( Islamic) Former: Temple of Solomon, The supposed Burial site of Adam, The place where Abraham sacrificed Isaac Significant to Muslims because it was where Muhammad ascended into heaven Adjacent to the western wall Illusion of what paradise would be in the afterlife Along with significance symbolical it drew on the architectural plans of other religions: Octagonal shaped Dome (Byzantine Christian) and the ambulatory ( Buddhism) Gold cap made it mimic heaven Parthenon (Pagan Greek) Physical significance to the site because of its place on the Acropolis (city on a hill) honoring Athena the Goddess of War Was the center of the new Greece and a symbol of Greece’s power after they had defeated the Persians Pericles built the Acropolis as a way to “show off” the victory and the regain of the Acropolis Mythological triumphs on the statue of Athena reinforced the victory over the Persians 2.) Major changes in architectural forms and function are other made possible by new construction methods or new materials. Discuss such changes in two
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different art historical periods, at least one before 1800. Use specific buildings as examples to support your decisions. Possible Examples : Pre – 1800 - Roman Temples ( Temple of Vesta) - St. Denis - Parthenon - Reims Post 1800 - Villa Savoye - Bauhaus - Falling Water Temple of Vesta in Tivoli Italy “tholos” or round type of temple The invention of concrete enabled the Romans to create round temples unlike the Greeks and Etruscans Process of Roman concrete method: made form a changing recipe of Lime Mortar, volcanic sand, water, and small stones. Poured into wooded frame left to dry. Frame later removed.
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