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Unformatted text preview: Europe and Nineteenth-Century Imperialism 1. Reasons for the Expansion of Europe a. Economic- the Europeans were always looking for new markets, they were also looking for new sources of supply for key industrialization materials b. Scientific Curiosity- explorers wanted to see what there was to see, there was a desire to expand what Europeans knew c. Adventure- there was a desire for adventure whether hunters or upper- class people who wanted to experience new things d. Great Power Prestige- by the 19 th century a country was judged by the number of colonies it held, the foreign policies of Italy and Germany after unification demonstrate this idea as they struggled to catch up with the others e. Religion- a development of European superiority and therefore they have the right to rule over less advanced peoples, they held a moral superiority, must help others and educate the uneducated in order to save their souls 2. Methods of Imperialism a. Heavy Migration of European Peoples- this method was most prominent in uninhabited areas or sparsely populated areas before European arrival, in cases where Europeans became the majority of the population the culture was engrained i.e. United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand…in these areas the tendency was that transported people would maintain ties to the home nation until a majority of those people had been native born b. Superimposition of European ideas/culture on Developed Non-European Countries by Native Governments or by Europeans- generally very highly populated areas already in this model and therefore never a majority of Europeans i. Superimposition by Europeans Powers 1. British-India 2. Japan-Korean 3. US-Philippines 4. British-Egypt ii. Superimposition by European Ideas/Culture by Native Governments 1. Japan 2. Ottoman Empire iii. Combination of A and B in areas like Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, and Guatemala and to an extent the Ottoman Empire...
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- Spring '08
- japan, British North American