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Unformatted text preview: The Beginning of the Industrial Revolution 1. Introduction a. Marked a change not only in technology but society as well b. Changed from decentralized methods of production to highly centralized c. Previously prized skill labor now prized unskilled labor d. Factories and cities grew substantially e. More than any other revolution in the modern period the IR transformed society f. Hit England first, followed by British Isles, then Europe, then North America 2. New Inventions a. Cotton i. 1733- John Kay invents the flying shuttle which made it possible for one weaver to operate a loom instead of two ii. 1763-1767- Thomas Highes and James Hargreaves develop the cotton spinning jenny which was a wooden device which allowed the spinner to thread multiple threads at once (as many as 8) and was simple enough for most children to use iii. 1769- Richard Arkwright patents a spinning jenny powered by water which could accommodate several hundred spindles, this model needed a far larger setting and a sophisticated setup iv. 1793- Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin which automatically separated raw cotton from its seeds and allowed one person to separate the same amount of cotton as fifty people, this helped provide a large amount of cotton to Britain for their new industry v. By 1840 over of the cotton used by manufactures used in Britain was produced in the United States b. Iron i. 18 th century leads to a new system to smelt iron (removing the iron from the iron ore) and used coke instead of charcoal ii. Coke is the residue of coal while charcoal is the residue and wood and coke is very prevalent in GB c. Steam i. 1769- James Watt patents the first steam engine and makes it commercially available in the 1780s ii. 1807- Robert Fulton builds the steam propelled Claremont which...
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- Spring '08
- Industrial Revolution