Fatal_Decisions__Allies__Cathcart - Cathcart Katherine 1...

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Katherine Cathcart WRITING 140: Section 90325 Barry Levine 12/02/05 Fatal Decisions The United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union were unable to prevent the Holocaust from occurring yet they could have reduced its impact by offering more immigration opportunities. It is recognized by historians that the ‘Final Solution’ of Hitler and the Nazi regime (their plan to systematically eradicate selected groups of individuals who threatened their “Aryan” livelihood) was never documented on paper nor was it confirmed by the Allies as a reality until after millions had already been murdered. When the Allies rose to victory over Nazi Germany at the end of World War II in 1945 around 6 million Jewish individuals had been murdered in addition to around 3.5 million Soviet POW’s, 200,000 Sinti and Roma Gypsies, 150,000 Operation T4 victims, several hundreds of thousands Slavic citizens, and several thousand homosexuals (Gillerman “Nazi Policy 1941-1945”). Historians including Helen Fein and Tom Segev confirm that it was in 1942 that the Allies had essentially become aware of the Nazis’ Final Solution to mass murder these selected groups. Unfortunately by that year the Nazis had already caused the deaths of 1.5 million Soviet Union Jews by means of the Commisar Order, they had ended Jewish emigration indefinitely, established death camps, and begun processing prisoners. Not to forget, by 1942 Operation T4 had also been implemented (Gillerman “Nazi Euthanasia”). So much damage had already been achieved before the Allies became capable of taking a stand that prevention was out of the question. For various reasons however, such as warfront preoccupations and diplomatic investments, the Allied powers were hesitant to intervene militarily and address the issue of genocide until 1944. In The Seventh Million: The Israelis and the Holocaust , Israeli Cathcart, Katherine 1
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journalist-historian Tom Segev discloses that “the persecution of the Jews in Europe was not their (Allies) main interest, nor was it the main interest of most of the world’s countries” (474). During 1942 to 1945 due to this indifference millions more continued to perish at the hands of the Third Reich. From 1933 onward, as a means of survival, several hundred thousands of victims fled Germany and the Nazis to the Allied nations (Fein 166). Unfortunately for the majority of those who fled they were not welcomed by these nations and instead were denied protection due to tightfisted and restrictive immigration laws. Many were simply turned away and had to go back into the hands of their captors. If the Allies had allowed for greater Jewish (and non-Jewish refugee) immigration (even if for temporary terms) many more victims could have been saved. In her book, Accounting for Genocide: National Responses and Jewish Victimization, historian Helen Fein tells of how immigration obstinacy by the Allies was greatly responsible for many Holocaust deaths. Notably, pre-war from 1933 to 1940 America refused to assist the exodus of Jewish and non-Jewish emigration from Nazi
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