DIFFERENT TYPES OF GROUPS

DIFFERENT TYPES OF GROUPS - rather than focusing on tasks...

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SOC 101 March 4, 2008 DIFFERENT TYPES OF GROUPS 1. Primary group— small group whose members share personal and enduring relationships Great concern for one another Think of themselves as a special “we” There is a personal orientation Spend a lot of time together Ex: families, country club friends 2. Secondary group— large/impersonal group whose members peruse specific goals Weak emotional ties Short term relationships Goal oriented group—focuses on specific tasks Think of themselves as “what” they are Members tend to keep score Less likely to tell one another the truth Ex: co-workers, UK students, GROUP LEADERSHIP 2 TYPES: 1. Instrumental leadership— emphasizes completion of tasks a. This type of leader tends to have secondary relationships with group members b. This type of leader tends to gain more respect from group members 2. Expressive leadership— focuses on the collective well-being of its members a. Focuses more on minimizing tension and conflicts of group
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Unformatted text preview: rather than focusing on tasks b. This type of leader tends to have primary relationships with group members Leadership characterized by decision-making techniques 1. Authoritarian takes personal charge of making the decisions Requires compliance from members When a crisis arises, this sort of leader is appreciated 2. Democratic you include everyone in the decision making process Doesnt really work in the event of a crisis 3. Laissez-faire noninterference in the affairs of others, esp. with reference to individual conduct or freedom of action. SOC 101 March 4, 2008 Group conformity Conforming to the group to avoid discomfort We care about what other people think o Ex: Asch experiment Reference group-- Friends, family, or others whom you go to for advice or look to for the ok...
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DIFFERENT TYPES OF GROUPS - rather than focusing on tasks...

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