10 Steps in Sociological Research

10 Steps in Sociological Research - Correlation o...

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January 29, 2008 Sociology 101 10 Steps in Sociological Research 1. Pick a Topic Must be interested in topic (more likely to finish) 2. Review Previously Existing Research 3. Research Questions Derives from previous literature Define your operational variables Hypothesis: change in your IV (cause) relation to the change in the DV (effect) 4. Need Resources to do research 5. Ethical Concerns Informed consent from participants Must maintain well-being of participants Anonymity - researcher does not know whose results belong to whom Confidentiality - researcher knows who the results belong to, however does not tell anyone 6. Methods of Research Observation o Participant Observation - the researcher becomes an active member of the group being studied o Unobtrusive Observation - people do not know that they are being studied/ observed Survey o Example: Census every 10 years Content Analysis (Archival Research) o Analyzing content
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Unformatted text preview: Correlation o Correlation Coefficient (r) strength and direction Ranges from -1.00 to 1.00 If correlation coefficient: o Closer to (-1) and (1) = strong correlation o Closer to (0) = weak correlation o Positive # = direct correlation o Negative # = indirect correlation o Spurious Relationship some outside factor makes two variables relate Example: there is a direct relationship between drowning and eating ice cream. However, you are more likely to eat ice cream in the summer, as well as go for a swim. Eating ice cream does not cause drowning---spurious relationship due to the season o Correlation does NOT always mean causation 7. Record Data Must remain objective 8. What does the Data say? January 29, 2008 Sociology 101 Research questions 9. Conclusions 10. Share with others what you have learned ASSIGNMENT : read Chapter 3...
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10 Steps in Sociological Research - Correlation o...

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