April.3.ethnic.conflict.darfur.2

April.3.ethnic.confl - So What Explains Revival of Ethnic Conflict Alternative Approaches Primordialism Instrumentalism Constructivism Milosevic in

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Ethnic Conflict: The Case of Darfur April 3
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Key Trend: Decline in political mobilization and conflict rooted in structural conditions (i.e., social class and ideology-- capitalism vs. socialism), increase in conflict rooted in cultural factors (i.e., religious, ethnic, and nationalist identities) Examples: break-up of Yugoslavia and Soviet Union, political Islam in the Middle East, ethnic civil wars and genocide in Africa (Ruwanda, Darfur), indigenous political mobilization in South America
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Challenge of Ethnic/National “Particularisms” to “Universalist” Ideologies Marxism– Primacy of social class– “proletarian internationalism” Modernization theory– decline of “tribal” particularisms and “ascriptive” loyalties, rise of universalism and rationalism Liberalism– Primacy of individual, inevitability of market-based globalization
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Unformatted text preview: So What Explains Revival of Ethnic Conflict? Alternative Approaches Primordialism Instrumentalism Constructivism Milosevic in Kosovo Darfur: More than an Ethnic Conflict Ethnic cleavages do not have clear boundaries; often interpreted as Arab vs. black African, but it is not Islamic vs. Christian, and there are factions within both the Arab and African populations that fight against each other Other factors that lie behind ethnic conflict Structural factors: conflict over land, water, cattle grazing between communities Institutional factors: political marginalization, discrimination vs. black African population– leading to formation of African rebel groups Ferocious government repression of communities suspected of having ties to rebel groups Government mobilization of Arab militias (“janjaweed”) to destroy African villages...
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This note was uploaded on 05/18/2008 for the course GOVT 1313 taught by Professor Roberts, k during the Spring '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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April.3.ethnic.confl - So What Explains Revival of Ethnic Conflict Alternative Approaches Primordialism Instrumentalism Constructivism Milosevic in

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