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Unformatted text preview: Govt 131 - Midterm Study Guide Bale Chapter ONE: Europe a Continent in the Making Europe has been the most violent, one of the richest and powerful parts of the globe. o Europe is an idea and an identity in the sense of the EU and the changing borders, but it is not homogenized (European Union is made up of 25 states). People into Empires: stone age->hunter/gatherer->farming(6000BC)->trades&religions (2500BC) o 5 th century: Athens becomes the major political power until internal Greek wars destroyed their power. Macedonia (Alexander the Great) attacked the Athenians and merged Greece and Persia. o Rome encouraged Latin but allowed other cultures; facilitated trade and created transport infrastructure. This was a period of economic development. The Romans spread Christianity. Religious and military power allowed Charlemagne to create the Holy Roman Empire. Empires to Nations: Invasions and overlapping authority of monarchs lead to nations o Population increase in urban areas despite feudalism. Urban areas had commerce, religion and education- the resources and rationale for the crusades and overseas voyages Nations into States: religious and political struggles led to wars among and within countries. o Scandinavia experienced the Thirty Years War and England and France became enemies. o 1800s -monarchies & republics except Napoleon. Nationalism (Napoleonic wars) led to demand for political participation, increased military, and tax revenues, some proto-sot revolutions. States into Blocks: alliances led to WWI and WWII o WWI -Europe to be redrawn because of the Soviet Union, the treaties of Versailles and Trianon; broke up Austria- Hungary and created Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia. o WWII- cause: nationalist feelings and fascism. Alliances also played a role (US and Japan). o Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania and Bulgaria were seized as communist states. Germany was split into the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic. EU was created to support unity and interdependence. The new Europe: Europe after the Cold War and the fall of the Soviet Union o The breakup of the Soviet Union led many countries to overthrow their communist regimes; Led to the reunification of Germany, the peaceful breakups of Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia. Europes Economy: Europe is diverse in size, resources, industrialization and globalization o Europe contains iron ore, oil, manufacturing plants and is self-sufficient agriculturally. o GDP per capita and population both vary in Europe. Unemployment in the EU is structural. o Some European countries have moved into the service sector from manufacturing still many agricultural countries (CEE). Many CEE countries are still transitioning into capitalism. Countries transferred so much in short time frames without mass poverty and continued commerce....
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This note was uploaded on 05/18/2008 for the course GOVT 1313 taught by Professor Roberts, k during the Spring '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).
- Spring '07
- ROBERTS, K
- The Land