Midterm Review - Midterm Review Tuesday, March 04, 2008...

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Midterm Review Tuesday, March 04, 2008 1:21 AM 1. Structural Arguments o Tery Karl Social equality is the building block for political democracy Democracies with severe inequalities are unstable 2. Institutional Arguments o Juan Linz Pro-parliamentary Presidentialism is too fragmented, too rigid “ What in a parliamentary system would be a government crisis can become a full - blown regime crisis in a presidential system ” (p. 122) Critiques of Presidentialism Rigidity Dual legitimacy/executive- legislative gridlock Zero-sum, winner-take all competition (polarizing conflicts) 3. Cultural Arguments o Putnam Civic involvement leads to a higher level of democracy Argued the declining civic participation in the US leads to declining political participation Blamed TV Social capital (Putnam) Norms, trusts, reciprocities Strong civil society builds social capital and greater levels of democracy 4. Competitive Authoritarianism o Levitsky and Way Elections are uncontested or give preference to only one party Weak legislature None or almost no judicial review State controlled media Example: Serbia under Melsovitch 5. Myth of Putin (McFaul and Stoner-Weiss)
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This note was uploaded on 05/18/2008 for the course GOVT 1313 taught by Professor Roberts, k during the Spring '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Midterm Review - Midterm Review Tuesday, March 04, 2008...

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