Final Exam Essay 5

Final Exam Essay 5 - Essay#5-Urban Labor Movements I...

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Essay #5-Urban Labor Movements I. Definition of an Urban labor movement a. An urban labor movement as defined by Turner is a labor movement that encompasses social-based unionism on a local scale to impact national or local policies. By working with revitalized local labor councils consisting of leadership from all local unions, potentially labor-management partnerships, involving faith based organizations as well as community centers and adopting pro-worker policies such as the living wage and health care assistance, urban labor movements have begun to stem the tide of declining unionism. II. Labor Councils: Background a. Local labor councils collapsed in part due to their top-heavy structure, stagnant leadership that was built around the old jobs such as manufacturing (Buffalo, Los Angeles) or politics (New York) and did not see/adopt to the shift in union membership (less white) and the industries unions were supported in (not manufacturing, but service/hospitality instead…UNITE HERE) b. The urban labor movement is made up of two types of coalitions. Political coalitions, which are between unions and parties, politicians and other social actors focused on elections and policymaking. The second is social coalitions, which include labor and other social actors such as community, religious, environmental, and immigrant rights groups to focus on a range of political, economic and social campaigns often closely tied together. i. New York= Older system, political ii. Los Angeles=younger system, social beget political with the election of LA Mayor Villaraigosa c. The revitalization of local labor movements in Miami, Los Angeles, Seattle (see Battle of Seattle), New York and many others have been brought about due to labors increasing willingness to cross lines and work with social organizations for societal change on issues that matter to all workers i.e. living wage coalitions. III. Labor Councils: King City Labor Council (KCLC) a. Located in Seattle, led by Ron Judd b. Judd assumed leadership of the KCLC in 1993 after decades of union defeats and fragmentation (he left in 2000) c. Persuaded John Sweeney and other labor leaders to protest WTO in 1999 d. Unions have been trying to retain “good” jobs and to organize the new work that employers have created e. The KCLC has reached out to many coalitions: i. Union-oriented (Jobs with Justice) ii. Economic Development Policy (WTO protests and fair trade demonstrations) iii. Local elections (in coalition with environmental and other groups) f. Judd incorporated the Worker Center into the KCLC as a policymaking and lobbying arm g. Steve Williamson took over KCLC in 2000 h. Williamson partnered with the state’s AFL-CIO to gain greater union voter
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