Lecture Notes 3

Lecture Notes 3 - Lecture Notes 3 Personality Freuds...

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Lecture Notes 3 Personality Freud’s Pyschosexual Theory of Personality Development Humans are driven by powerful biological urges that must be satisfied (food, sex, others) Conflicts between societal norms and urges lead to development Three components of personality o Id – Like a child, basically base urges for instant gratification. You want what you want, when you want it o Superego – Conscience. Internalization of parents/authority and societal norms; moralistic o Ego – Synthesis of id and superego, tries to make and maintain balance o These elements get integrated Stages of Personality Development o Oral Stage (Birth – 1 yr; mouth) Kids stick everything in their mouths Metaphor: internalization – if successfully resolved, then adults can internalize the rules and morals of society o Anal Stage (1-3 yrs; anus) Learning to control urination and defecation learning to control themselves anal retentive o Phallic Stage (3-6 yrs, genitals) Oedipus Complex Boys have an incestual desire for mom, jealous and bitter towards dad; afraid of fathers finding out about this love and castrating them repress feelings, so emulate and identify with dad. If this happens, they will develop good moral character. Elektra Complex Girls think mom castrated them; like fathers because they have a penis penis envy. They could partially repress his (never fully) women could never have as good a moral conscience as men. o Latent Period (6 – puberty) – invested in intellectual pursuits, such as school o Genital Stage (adulthood) – healthy adult with good attitude towards sex Freud’s Defense Mechanisms o How do you deal with the anxiety produced by the conflict between societal norms and dark urges? Repression – avoid painful thoughts by forcing them into the back of the mind (making them unconscious) o Ex: what are you talking about? My parent never touched me. Denial – refusing to perceive “reality” in order to protect ourselves from it
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Ex: I don’t have cancer. Rationalization – making it seem ok! I did poorly on the exam because it was unfair. True, I didn’t study, but even if I had, I wouldn’t have done very well Displacement – taking it out on someone else Anger from boss angry towards kids Projection – seeing yourself in others You’re cheating on spouse accuse spouse of cheating Reaction Formation – acting opposite from true self to hide unpleasant truth from yourself and others The Search for Personality Traits o People have personality characteristics that are consistent, measurable, influence behavior, and differ across people o The Big Five Model People differ on five different axes of personality Standing on one trait is not related to standing on another trait Traits meaningfully predict behavior 1. Neuroticism – tendency to experience unpleasant emotions o Anxious, depressed, self-conscious, etc
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2008 for the course PSC 001 taught by Professor P during the Fall '08 term at UC Davis.

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Lecture Notes 3 - Lecture Notes 3 Personality Freuds...

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