Study Guide 4 Final

Study Guide 4 Final - xxxxxxxxx HIS -122 Study Guide 4 [1]...

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xxxxxxxxx HIS -122 Study Guide 4 [1] What was the first international , and what was its dominant doctrine? In 1864 a group of British and French trade unionists founded the International Working Men’s Association known as the “First international”. This association vast membership was made up by radical political types, including socialists, anarchists, and polish nationalists . The single most dominant doctrine was Marxism which states a centralized state will emerge that is dominated by workers. History is the result of class conflict, which will end the inevitable triumph of the industrial proletariat (the working class) over the bourgeoisie (the capitalists) and the abolition of private property and social class. [2] Who were the Fabians? Britain’s most influential socialist group was founded in 1884, and was known as The Fabian Society. They go their name from “ Q Fabius Maximus” a Roman general whose tactics against Hannibal involved avoiding direct conflict that might lead to defeat. they sought to educate people of the “wisdom” of socialism, and believed in collective ownership on the municipal level (gas-and-water socialism.) These civil servants believed these problems (with: industry, expansion of ownership and the state direction of production) could be solved and achieved: gradually, peacefully and democratically. [3] Which European country first adopted a program of social welfare legislation? Germany. [4] Describe Bismarck’s reformist social legislation ? Bismarck undertook a program of social welfare legislation ; He sponsored a plan for old age and disability pensions that both workers and employers contributed to . This represented a paternalistic, conservative alternative to socialism, in which the state itself would organize a system of social security. Germany was the first to employ this type of Welfare Program. ( Social security, Workmen’s comp. and Medicare.) [5] Know about Kulturkampf. This “Culture Struggle” was an extreme conflict that occurred during the 1870’, which was church vs. the state under Bismarck. When the catholic hierarchy demanded the freedoms guaranteed by the German constitution, Bismarck felt this (the Roman Catholic Church and the Catholic Center Party) threatened the unity of the German
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Empire. In 1870-71 he removed clergy from overseeing local education, secularizing it and put it under state direction. This was probably Bismarck’s greatest blunder and by the end of the 1870’s he abandoned it. However, he had gained state control of education and civil laws governing marriage, but provoked catholic resentment against the state. State-Secularization of churches. [6] Who was Theodore Herzl ? He was a reporter who covered the Dreyfus affair which falsely charged (for treason) and
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2008 for the course HIS 122 taught by Professor Mihopulos during the Fall '07 term at Middlesex CC.

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Study Guide 4 Final - xxxxxxxxx HIS -122 Study Guide 4 [1]...

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