Study guide 1

Study guide 1 - xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx HIS 122 9/16/07 Study...

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xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx HIS 122 9/16/07 Study Guide 1 1) How did Robert Walpole achieve political power? Robert Walpole achieved political power through royal support, his ability to handle the House of Commons and control of government patronage. 2) Under Louis XIV the term “divine right of kings” meant. “Divine right of kings” meant that rulers were appointed by G-d and therefore only had to answer to G-d. In addition, the king was judged only by G-d and was held to rules and regulations that were different from the common man. The king was even considered to be above parliament. 3) What did the revocation of the Edict of Nantes cause? The revocation of the Edict of Nantes caused severe religious oppression of certain sects, particularly the Protestants. As a result of this oppression, schools closed, clergy were exiled, and Protestant children were forcefully baptized. Furthermore, Protestants who refused to convert were condemned to be galley slaves. Eventually the Protestant population of France (which numbered over a quarter million people and contained many highly skilled people) fled to surrounding areas. France ultimately became a symbol of religious oppression. 4) What was the Mississippi Bubble? The Mississippi Bubble was a fiasco that involved the Mississippi Company, which issued paper money and controlled the trading privileges with Louisiana (a French colony in North America), and investors. When the value of paper money rose, the investors sought to redeem it for gold. It was discovered that there was a lack of gold to back the money which had been printed. Although the company survived due to reorganization, its founder John Law fled the country. This incident caused disgrace to the government of France for supporting the currency of this company. 5) Who were the Hohenzollern’s? The Hohenzollern’s were descendants of the family that ruled Brandenburg- Prussia from 1417, known as the Hohenzollern rulers. Over time this family acquired vast amounts of land and was the largest land owning family in the area. The Hohenzollern’s were castle dwelling nobles who were responsible for taxing and collecting the tax from traders. 6) Who was Fredrick William and what was his title? Fredrick William, known as “The Great Elector,” was a twenty year old ruler who modeled Prussia after Holland. He established his own army as well as established and enforced religious tolerance.
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7) Talk about Peter the Great’s 1697 visit to Western Europe and what it resulted in. Peter the Great disguised himself and talked with the great and powerful, including high ranking military officials. He inspected and observed military manufacturing plants, docks and shipyards. This resulted in the building of Russia’s military might to enable Russia’s army to compete with that of the surrounding countries. He modernized Russia to meet European standards. He discouraged men from having
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2008 for the course HIS 122 taught by Professor Mihopulos during the Fall '07 term at Middlesex CC.

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Study guide 1 - xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx HIS 122 9/16/07 Study...

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