His 122 10.25.07 Study Guide 2

His 122 10.25.07 Study Guide 2 - Xxxx HIS 122 Study Guide #...

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Xxxx HIS 122 Study Guide # 2 [1] On the eve of the French Revolution , What was France’s biggest problem? On the eve of the revolution, the interest and payments on the royal debt amounted to just over one half of the entire budget. The French government could not tap its nation’s wealth and could not command sufficient taxes to finance itself. Inability of the government to hanld their finaces on a sound basis [2] Frances national debt was the result of two problems. What were they? A. Expenditures of the American war . B. Hesidency to tax nobility - They constantly opposed plans to tap the wealth of the nobility through taxes [3] What was the role of the provincial parliaments in levying new taxes? By the 2 nd half of the 18 th century many French nobles shared with the wealthy professional and commercial classes, similar goals for economic reforms to support growth. Were controlled by the aristocracy and set up as a spokesman of liberty against the king. [4] Know who the First, Second and Third Estates were and who they represented. The three groups that made up the Estates General which, later became known as the National Assembly. First Estate - Clergy. Second Estate - Nobility. Third Estate - Everyone else in the kingdom. Although in actuality, it’s representatives were primarily drawn from wealthy members of the commercial and professional middle classes. [5] One of the most permanent achievements of that National Constituent Assembly was?
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83 departments ; departments replace provinces , this abolished ancient French provinces and established in their place 83 administrative units called departments, of generally equal size. Named after geographical features such as; mountains and rivers. Subdivided into districts, cantons, communes. Elections for departmental and local assemblies were indirect. This administrative reconstruction remains permanent to this day. [6] What is an Assignant ? Government bonds issued in 1789 , based on the value of confiscated church lands issued during the early French revolution. These proved to be acceptable to the public and began to circulate as currency. The Assembly decided to issue more to help liquidate the national debt and to create a large body of new property owners with a stake in the revolution. Within a few months inflation increased, (putting new stress on the urban poor), and fluctuation of this currency would plague the revolutionary government through 1790. [7] Who were the Emigres? Over 16,000 French aristocrats fled France during the Revolution. To countries outside Frances border’s. Among them was the King’s younger brother, the count of Artois and In the summer of 1791 His agents and the queen persuaded Louis XVI to attempt to flee the country. [8] About how many people died during the
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2008 for the course HIS 122 taught by Professor Mihopulos during the Fall '07 term at Middlesex CC.

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His 122 10.25.07 Study Guide 2 - Xxxx HIS 122 Study Guide #...

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