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WORK Split page notes Transcription and Translation RNA to Protein

WORK Split page notes Transcription and Translation RNA to Protein

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Name: Nick Himber Date: 1/10/17 Period: 6th Table: 6 PROTEIN SYNTHESIS -- LOCATION ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM - RIBOSOMES The sequence of nucleotides in DNA contain information. This information is put to work through the production of proteins. Proteins fold into complex, THREE DIMENSIONAL SHAPES to become key cell structures and regulators of cell functions. Remember current theory is ONE GENE = ONE PROTEIN. Some proteins become important structures such as the filaments in muscle tissue. Other proteins, ENZYMES, control chemical reactions that perform key life functions, such as unzipping DNA or making spindle fibers during mitosis. Enzymes, control ALL the chemical reactions of an organism. Thus, by encoding the instructions for making PROTEINS, DNA controls cells. Nucleic acids are molecules that contain information for building proteins. In each of the two strands of DNA the NUCLEOTIDES are arranged in a specific sequence. That arrangement determines what protein it will code to make. Each strand of DNA will have a complementary base pairing (the two sides are not the same and therefore each side will code for different proteins.) REVIEW: 1. What are the building blocks of nucleic acids? (nucleotides – 3 parts) Enzymes, proteins , DNA 2. What are the two kinds of nucleic acids? 3. What are the 4 bases found in DNA? A T G C 4. What are the 4 bases found in RNA? A U G C 5. Which base is in DNA but not RNA? T 6. Which base is in RNA but not in DNA? U 7. DNA has how many strands? 2 8. RNA has how many strands? 1 9. How do the bases on one strand match up with the bases on the other strand? (what bases pair) 10. What are the rungs of the ladder made of? 11. The letter in DNA are grouped to form three letter words called____________. 12. In replication, each strand of DNA is used as a pattern to make a new strand. The new DNA contains the _________ DNA and an __________copy. 13. What is replication 14. RNA is just like DNA except that RNA has only ____strand.
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