Handout - Babies, Super & Harkness, LeVine, & Ethnocentrism

Handout - Babies, Super & Harkness, LeVine, &...

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Babies Documentary, Super and Harkness, LeVine, and Ethnocentrism I. Babies (Documentary watched in class) Names of the four children and their place of residence: 1. “Mari” from Tokyo 2. “Hattie” from San Francisco 3. “Bayarjargal” from Mongolia (Mongolia is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east and west.) 4. “Ponijao” from Namibia (Namibia is located in Southwestern Africa. It gained independence from the country of South Africa on 21 March 1990, following the Namibian War of Independence.) II. Charles. M. Super and Sara Harkness’s notion of a “ Developmental Niche Super and Harkness (1986) created a theoretical framework referred to as the developmental niche . This theoretical framework is useful for understanding and analyzing how culture shapes child development – it combines principles of anthropology and psychology. It is briefly described below. Here are the three interacting components/sub-systems of the developmental niche: 1. “Settings” - Physical and social settings, for example who is there, what affordances are provided by the physical space in the home and immediate environment 2. “Customs” – Widely accepted customs and practices of child rearing, for example inherited and adapted ways of nurturing, entertaining, educating, and protecting the child 3. “Psychology of the Caretakers” - Parental ethnotheories of ‘typcial’ child development and ‘effective’ parenting, which play a directive role in parenting practices.
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