C34V - Brendan Lee 4/24/16 Period 4 Chapter 34 Vocab With...

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Brendan Lee4/24/16Period 4Chapter 34 VocabWith the goal of coming up with an international fix to the Great Depression, theLondonConferencewas set up in 1933.FDR initially planned to send Sec. of StateCordell Hull. Later he changed his mind andreprimanded Europe for trying to stabilize currencies. Without America's participation, the LondonConference got nothing accomplished (like the League of Nations).Congress passed theTydings-McDuffie Act(1934) that said the Philippines would becomeindependent after 12 years (in 1946).Sec. of State Cordell Hull believed in low tariffs. He felt low tariffs mean higher trade. He and FDRfelt trade was a two-way street. Congress passed theReciprocal Trade AgreementsActwhichset up low tariff policies.The act cut down the most offensive parts of the Hawley-Smoot tariff law merely amending them. In some instances, tariff rates were cut in half (providedthe other nation did the same).Germany and Italy linked up when Hitler and Mussolini agreed on theRome-Berlin Axis(1936).Japan was becoming a military dictatorship, turning super isolationist, and seeking to create amighty Japanese empire for their god/emperor. This was a deadly mix.In 1940, Japan joined Germany and Italy with theTripartite Pact. Under Mussolini, more showthan substance, Italy attacked and beat Ethiopia in 1935. Fascist nations love prepping for war,fighting, then championing their victories, even if it means beating up on a very poor nation likeEthiopia (they'd fought with spears).Trying to avoid getting sucked further into foreign problems, Congress passed theJohnson DebtDefault Actwhich forbade countries that owed money to the U.S. from getting any more loans.

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Term
Winter
Professor
Niemeyer
Tags
Franklin D Roosevelt, World War II, State Cordell Hull, Neutrality Acts

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