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2.26 - -no unified “Italy”-series of independent...

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2/26/08 Machiavelli and Power I. Life, Image, and Times (1469-1527) -Florence under the Medici regime -“Golden Age” of Florentine Renaissance -Secretary to the Florentine Republic until 1512 -Replaces the Medici family -Medici regime restored in 1512 -Machiavelli jailed, tortured, sent into exile -writes The Prince from exile -1527- Medici family is again overthrown -Machiavelli is too controversial to get a job back -dies in 1527 -Archetypical representation of the Renaissance -glorification of the flesh, secularism -potential for individual creativity -politics as an art, not pure right and wrong -independence of the state from the church -love of Antiquity -perhaps the last of the classical theorists -Emergence of the nation-state and the nationalizing monarchy -End of Church dominance -puts down Aristocracy *Tudors in England (1485-1509) -Henry VIII breaks from Church, forms Church of England *Charles V in HRE *Ferdinand & Isabella in Spain -1517- emergence of Protestantism -Italy during Machiavelli
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Unformatted text preview: -no unified “Italy”-series of independent “city-states”-many are republics-Virtu-The essence of “manliness”-to be a public-spirited citizen in a Republic-inverse of Virtu: “Corruption”-not monetary, not religious, but self-centeredness-power of the people-no monarch-also in Switzerland and Germany-2 greatest republics: Florence and Venice-“Italy” is at war on several fronts-under siege by foreign invaders in the north and south-city-states are at war with each other as well-Borgias, Florence vs. Pisa-few citizens of Italy pay attention to civic obligations-instead of fighting, they hire mercenaries-seen as the symbol of corruption by Machiavelli II. Machiavelli’s Realism-writing about how things are, not how they ought to be-governors seek power for its own sake-politics is not about wisdom and love, or virtue and goodness-everything boils down to power-Machiavelli writes about how one can acquire power-tips for Princes...
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